The crisis surrounding the rhino is a tiered issue with so many layers. The number of challenges facing the continued survival of the rhino means a multi-faceted and solutions-based approach, to ensure sustainable and long-term results.
GLOBAL ILLEGAL TRADE
The demand for rhino horn and other illegal wildlife products stems mainly from Vietnam and China, where they are seen as status symbols of masculinity and massive wealth. With expanding urban populations and the growth of a wealthy middle class in these countries, the rate of demand is also increasing.
International trade of rhino horn is illegal under CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
LACK OF OPPORTUNITY
Poverty is still a significant barrier to education in South Africa.
South Africa spends more of its GDP on education than any other African country, yet the illiteracy rate for 11 year olds is at 27%.
Rural schools are under-funded and under-resourced and many children leave school aged 16 with the reading age of 9.
60% of children in Vaalwater, in the heart of the Waterberg have never seen a rhino.
UNEMPLOYMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA
THE Limpopo Province has a high proportion of rural inhabitants who cope with inferior wages and high unemployment rates. In the first quarter of 2020, 35,000 jobs were lost in Limpopo bringing the annual total to 77,000.
THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN SOUTH AFRICA IS 29.1%,
THE 4th WORST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD.
(behind countries such as Angola and Bosnia)
Limpopo is one of South Africa’s poorest provinces along with the Eastern Cape. However it is rich in wildlife which gives it the ability to attract tourists.
1.5 million people work in the South African tourism industry.
Covid-19 has resulted in probably the biggest crisis that the South African tourist industry has faced.